How To Use Cpanel: Tyton’s Big Reference Guide 2016

how to cpanel guide 2016

cPanel is a intuitive control panel that is a web hosting standard. Being used by the largest web companies like Godaddy, Bluehost, Liquid Web and Tyton Media, cPanel is a dependable, easy-to-use tool to help manage your website, emails, databases, FTP, domains and more…

What is cPanel?

CPanel has been around since 1997 and is the web hosting industry’s most reliable control panel. It is a Linux-based control panel that provides an easy-to-use interface and automation tools to make the process of hosting and running a website more simple.

It was developed by John Nick Koston and was released in 1996. It is now on its 60th release and its available in almost all languages. Currently, cPanel inc is a private company headquartered in Houston, Texas.

In this ultimate guide, we are going to walk through how to use cPanel to manage your website online:

  • Domains
    • How to create a subdomain cPanel
    • How to create an add-on domain in cPanel
    • How to redirect a domain in cPanel
  • Databases
    • How to create a MySQL database in cPanel
    • How to delete a MySQL database in cPanel
    • How to create a MySQL user in cPanel
    • Using the MySQL databas wizard in cPanel
  • Software and Services
    • How to install WordPress with Softaculous
    • How to install Joomla with Softaculous
    • How to install Drupal with Softaculous
  • Advanced
    • How to set up cron jobs in cPanel
    • How to add allowable MIME types in cPanel

 

Preferences

How to change your cPanel password

To change your cPanel password, simply login to your cPanel and select ‘Password & Security’ in the Preferences section.

password and security cpanel

Once you are taken to the Password and Security page just enter in your current password following by your new password twice.

change password cpanel how to

We suggest using the password generator as it generates a very strong password that will help your site from being hacked.

Write down the password in a safe place on your local computer so you have it for reference.

Once you are ready, click the ‘change your password now!’ button and your cPanel password is now changed!

Wasn’t that easy?

Password Tips

  • The system attempts to prevent particularly insecure passwords, but it is not foolproof.
  • Do not use words that are in a dictionary, names, or any personal information (for example, your birthday or phone number).
  • Avoid simple patterns. Instead, use UPPER and lower case letters, numbers, and symbols. Make certain that your password is at least eight characters long.
  • When you choose a new password, make certain that it is not related to your previous passwords.

How to change the style of your cPanel

You can change the style of your cPanel user interface very easily. There are actually a handful of different interfaces you can use.

To change the style of your cPanel just login to cPanel and select ‘Change Style’ in the Preferences section.

change style cpanel how to

You will be taken to a page where you can choose different styles of cPanel interfaces. We were on basic, but we are going to select the ‘Retro’ template by click the ‘Apply’ button on the Retro header.

change cpanel style

It will do its magic and your cPanel style will now be updated to the Retro theme (or whatever theme you chose).

cpanel retro style how to

And now your style should look something like this…

Thats how you update your cPanel style!

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How to change the language in cPanel

What if you want to use cPanel but you do not speak English or you want your cPanel to be in a different language? Its possible to change the language of cPanel, but be careful that you know the language or you may have trouble changing it back.

To change the language, login to cPanel, go to the Preferences section and select the ‘Change Language’ link.

cpanel change language how to

On the change language page, select the dropdown list to view all of the available languages that you can select in cPanel.

change-cpanel-language-how-to

Select the language that you want to change to and click the ‘Change’ button.

select language cpanel how to

A loading pop up will appear and after a few seconds your cPanel should change to the language that you chose.

As you can see we selected Spanish and it changed our language to Spanish in cPanel.

Make sure you remember how to change the language just in case you have trouble getting back to it.

cpanel language changed

And that’s how you change the language in cPanel.

Mail

How to create an email account in cPanel

If you have linux web hosting then you most likely will create and manage your emails in cPanel.

Creating emails in cPanel is pretty straightforward:

Just login to your cPanel and go to the Email section.

email accounts cpanel how to

Select ‘Email Accounts’ to be taken to the Emails page where you can create and manage your email accounts in cPanel.

Depending on your hosting provider you may be able to add unlimited emails but you should check with your host.

add email account cpanel

On the Add Email Account page you will choose your desired email address.

Just enter the desired name before the domain.

select domain cpanel add email

Then select the domain you would like to create the email for.

This is if you have sub domains that you want your email to be connecte to.

We are going to just use our normal domain with ‘test’ as the email O(test@tytonmedia.com).

cpanel create email password how to

Next, you must choose a password for your email account.

We suggest using the Password Generator to create a very strong password to avoid email accounts getting hacked.

The next option is if you want to set a disk quota for the specific mailbox.

If you want to limit the size of avaiable space to hold emails, then enter in your desired value here or selected unlimited for no limit.

cpanel mailbox quota

When you are done, click ‘Create Account’ and your new email will be created!

email account created cpanel

Scroll down the email accounts page to make sure that the email you created is in your email list.

cpanel email accounts

That is how you create a email in cPanel.

Next, you probably want to configure a mail client so you can get your emails on all your devices.

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How to check emails in cPanel

Once you have created an email account in cPanel you have the ability to check it in cPanel without even setting up a mail client.

Just login to your cPanel admin area and go to the Email section.

Click the ‘Email Accounts’ link like you are creating a new email.

email accounts cpanel how to

Scroll down to the bottom where your list of email account is and find the email you want to view.

check email in cpanel

You will see a more button that shows you a few more options that you can do with the email.

access-webmail-cpanel

Select ‘Access Webmail’ to be taken to the Webmail interface.

Here, you will have to choose a mail client that you want to view your Webmail in.

I have no preference on which one is the best, but I always use SqurrelMail… just because I like the squirrel but the option is up to you!

If you want to login to all of them and see the difference, go ahead!

choose webmail client cpanel

So once you select your default Webmail Application, you will be directed to your inbox.

If it is your first time signing into the Webmail interface, you will be aksed to supply your full name and email address before being able to check your mail.

squirrel mail cpanel how to

Enter your full name, email address (should already be there) and any other information you want to be defaulted.

Click the submit button and your Webmail is now set up and you will be directed to view your inbox.

check webmail in cpanel

Click the ‘Check Mail’ link to referesh your inbox and other mail items.

This is how you check Webmail from cPanel.

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How to configure email Clients in cPanel

Setting up your email to work in email clients is usually pretty straight forward no matter what client you are using.

Just go to your Email Accounts in cPanel and click, ‘Set Up Mail Client’ on whatever email you want to set up.

There will be files you can download for any mail client that will automatically set up your account in the client.

You can also use the manual settings below to manually enter in your mailbox account details.

email client settings cpanel

How to forward emails in cPanel

Forwarding emails in cPanel is a great way to have a lot of different emails that all go to one account so you don’t have to check a ton of email accounts.

Creating email forwarders in cPanel is pretty straight forward (get it?).

Just sign in to your cPanel account and head to the Email section.

Click the Forwarders link to head to the create forwarder page.

forwarding emails in cpanel how to

Once you are on the Forwarders page, you have two options:

  • Add a single email forwarder
  • Add a domain forwarder

To add a single email forwarder, select the add forwarder button.

add forwarder cpanel email

Once you are on the ‘Add a New Forwarder’ page, then you will enter in the email address that you want forwarded.

We are going to forward our sales@tytonmedia.com email to our admin@tytonmedia.com email so we don’t have to create a account in Outlook for both emails.

email to forward cpanel

In the destination section, you have two choices:

  • Forward to Email Address: For normal forwarding to an email address
  • Discard and send an error to the sender: Just gives an error and discards the email

90% of the time, you are going to be forwarding to an email address.

Now we enter in the email address we want all of the emails forwarded to.

forward destination cpanel email

Once every looks ok, click ‘Add Forwarder’ and you will see a success message that your email forwarder is now activated.

email forward success cpanel

To forward an entire domain, click the ‘Add Domain Forwarder’ button.

add domain forwarder cpanel

On the Add a New Domain Forwarder page, you will enter in what domain you want to forward and the domain you want to forward it to.

This means that every email address with @tytonmedia.com will be forwarded to the specific domain.

add new domain forwarder cpanel

For example sake, we are going to forward all of tytonmedia.com’s emails to tytonseo.com.

Click the ‘Add Domain Forwarder’ button to save the forwarding.

domain forward success cpanel

You will get a success message that everything is activated.

Head back to the forwarding page and check to make sure everything is correct in the Forward Domain table.

forward all emails to domain

And that is how you forward emails in cPanel.

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How to view sent emails in cPanel

Do you ever wonder if the emails you sent out are getting to your sendees mailbox?

Do you ever want to see blocked spam or outgoing messages that errored out?

Then you want to track the delivery of your emails in cPanel.

To do so, log in to cPanel and head to the Email section and select ‘Track Delivery’.

track email delivery cpanel

You will be taken to the Track Delivery page where you can view all the incoming and outgoing email messages for that certain domain.

If you want to check a specific email recipient to see if a certain email was sent, you can enter their email in the box and select ‘Show All’.

It will show you any messages with that recipient.

track delivery cpanel email

The list below will show all the details of the emails for your cPanel account.

You can filter by successful emails, deferred, failures and emails still sending (in progress).

how to track emails cpanel

As you can see from our example, some junkmail was rejected in the first row, while in the second row, an email was sent to us, but we did not have that email so it gave us this error.

Tracking the delivery of emails in cPanel can be very beneficial for this very reason.

How to set up auto responders in cPanel

Auto responders are great if you are going out of town and you want a automatic message to reply to people sending you emails.

They are also useful if you create a new email and want to let people know your new email by sending an automatic message when they try to reach you at your old email.

To set up a auto responder in cPanel, first login to your cPanel.

Go to the Email section and select Autoresponders.

set up autoresponder cpanel

On the Autoresonders page click the Add Autoresponder button.

add autoresponder cpanel

Now you will set up your autoresponder.

Set the character set (utf-8 should be pre-populated) and choose how long to wait to send the response.

charset-autoresponder-cpanel

Now you must select which email you want your autoresponder to be set up on.

email-domain-autoresponder-cpanel

We want to set a autoresponder for the email sales@tytonmedia.com for when our sales team is out of the office, so we selected that email and choose a From name.

Next you have to create your email that you want to autorespond when people send a message to this particular email address.

subject-and-html-for-autoresponder

Write a subject for the email and enter some text in the body.

If you want to put HTML in your email then you must select the checkbox that the message contains HTML.

create-autoresponder-cpanel

You can then choose when you want to start and stop the autoresponder.

We want it to start immediately and never stop.

Once you are ready, click ‘Create/Modify’ and your autoresponder will now be set up in cPanel.

Setting a default address in cPanel

If you want to catch any email that is sent to an invalid email address for your domain then you should set a default email address.

To do so, login to your cPanel account and click ‘Default Address’ in the Email section.

default email address cpanel

On the Default Address Maintenance page, select the domain you to forward all un-routed mail for.

If you want to discard emails that are sent to an un-created email then select the first radio button.

If you want to forward all un-routed emails to a specific email address, select the 2nd radio button.

set default emai address cpanel

Enter the email address you would like to forward all un-routed email to and double check that it is correct.

Click the Change button and you will see a success message that your un-routed emails will now be forwarded.

cpanel forward unrouted email

That is how to set up a default address in cPanel.

Files

Backing up your website in cPanel

cPanel has a great backup feature that allows you to quickly backup your entire website, do partial backups, download MySQL Database backups, and even download all your email forwarders.

Backing up your website with cPanel is a pretty quick and easy process.

Just head to your cPanel interface and scroll down to the Files section.

Click on the backup link to backup your website.

cpanel backup website

Once you are in the backup page, scroll down to where it says ‘Full Backup’ and click the ‘Download a Full Website Backup’ button to begin the process of backing up your account.

full backup cpanel

On the ‘Generate a Full Backup’ page, select how to want to receive the backup file.

Since its so large, you can’t just download it… you will have to use one of these methods to retrieve your backup:

  • Home Directory
  • Remote FTP Server
  • Remote FTP Server (passive mode)
  • Secure Copy (SCP)

generate full backup cpanel guide

We opted to download the backup to our home directory (easiest way to do it).

Enter an email address where cPanel can contact you when your backup is complete.

Click ‘Generate Backup’ to start the backup process.

full backup in progress cpanel

You will get a message that your full backup is in progress.

When the backup is complete, you will get an message to the email supplied, that your backup is complete.

backup email cpanel

Once you get this email, you can head back to cPanel to the backup page but scroll down passed the backup generate section to the account backups section.

cpanel download account backup

You will see a dropdown box with your backup selected.

To download the full backup to your computer, simply click ‘Download’.

It will take a while to download your full account as it contains a lot of information.

And that is how to do a full website backup in cPanel.

Working with the file manager in cPanel

Uploading, downloading and modifying files on your server is super easy with the file manager in cPanel.

If you are trying to upload or download files to your server and aren’t quite sure how to use FTP, then you can use the file manager for easy file management.

Just log into your cPanel interace and head to the Files section.

Click the file manager link to be taken to the File Manager app.

file manager cpanel how to

You will be taken to the File Manager page in cPanel.

This is where you can upload, download, delete, copy and move files on your server.

cpanel file manager how to use

Here is an example of our home folder on our server.

To download files, simply select the file you want to download and select the download button at the top.

cpanel file manager download

to upload files, click the ‘upload’ button in the top bar.

cpanel file manager upload

You will be directed to a new page where you can upload files to your server.

Click the ‘select file’ button and browse to items you want to upload.

upload files cpanel manager

Note that you can upload mulitple items by holding shift and selecting mulitple files.

To edit files directly, simply click on a file you want to edit and choose ‘Code Editor’.

code editor file manager cpanel

In the code editor tool, you can edit your files directly on your server but remember to back up your files before making any changes.

code editor cpanel

When you are done editing your file, click the ‘Save Changes’ button and now your file will now be changed!

All of the other functions are pretty self explanatory… You can delete, copy and move files around.

Creating a FTP account in cPanel

FTP stands for file transfer protocol and its a way to upload and download files to and from your server via a simple interface.

But first, you have to set up the connect to your server using cPanel.

Login to your cPanel and go to the files section where you will find the FTP Accounts link.

ftp accounts cpanel

Now you will add all your details in order to create the new FTP account.

Here are all the details you will need to create a FTP account:

  • Login: the string of text before the @ symbol
  • Domain: the domain of the FTP address
  • Password: I suggest using the password generator for maximum security
  • Directory: the directory this account will have access to
  • Quota: max file upload size

add ftp account cpanel guide

Once you have filed this information out, click the Create FTP Account button.

Your FTP account will be created in cPanel.

ftp account created

Head back to the FTP accounts page to make sure your account was created and everything looks good.

ftp accoun created cpanel

This is also where you can change the password of the FTP account, change the quota, delete and configure a FTP client.

Too view the accounts specific FTP settings, click on configure FTP client.

It will show you the FTP username, server and port.

Just enter this information (and also the password) into any FTP client and you will be connected to your server via FTP!

Metrics

View website visitors in cPanel

Checking your latest visitors in Cpanel is a easy way to see the most recent traffic to your website using cPanel.

Just head to your cPanel and go down to the Metrics section where you will See ‘Visitors’.

cpanel metrics visitors

Click visitors and you will then select the domain you want to view stats for.

It will show you all the domains including sub domains and HTTPS/HTTP domains.

Our preferred URL is HTTPS so we are going to click the magnify glass in the view column to see the latest visitors.

select domain view visitors cpanel

On the next page, you can see the last visitors to your website sorted by time.

latest visitors cpanel guide

As you can see it also records internal traffic and cron job traffic.

That is because it works by saving loaded files to track visitors so you will get some internal stats but its a simple way to see your latest visitors in cPanel.

See website errors in cPanel

Viewing websites errors is really easy in cPanel.

Open up a browser and login to your cPanel.

Scroll down to the metrics section and click on Errors.

cpanel view website errors

This function will display the last 300 errors for your site. This can be very useful for finding broken links or problems with missing files. Checking this log frequently can help keep your site running smoothly.

latest website errors cpanel

As you can see from our website at www.tytonmedia.com, we don’t have any errors to show, but this is how to view website errors in cPanel.

View bandwidth usage stats in cPanel

Bandwidth refers to the volume of information per unit of time that a internet connection had handle.

It simple terms, its the amount of data your website uses on its server.

If you have a hosting plan with unlimited bandwidth then you shouldn’t need to worry about this but if your hosting account has a limited amount of bandwidth, its smart to keep a close eye on this stat or you may end up paying more for bandwidth overages.

Go into your cPanel account and go down to Metrics where you will see the Bandwidth link.

bandwith usage cpanel

Click to the bandwidth page where you will see a bunch of graphs that will show your bandwidth usage for the last 24 hours, pas week, and past year.

bandwidth usage 24 hours cpanel

As you can see from our graph, most of the bandwidth usage on our server comes from HTTP (which means the website).

If you scroll down a little bit more you will see the last few months listed and what pieces of your website used the most bandwidth.

november 2016 cpanel bandwidth

In November 2016, tytonmedia.com used a total of 6.61 GB.

If you are wanting to keep a close eye on your bandwidth, this is how to check its usage in cPanel.

Tyler Horvath
Webpreneur, CEO of Tyton Media, investor and efficiency aficionado. With over 12 years experience in SEO, Digital Marketing and Web Design. @tylerbhorvath

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